History of Mount Bromo Volcano Eruption
Mount Bromo news and eruption update or history of Mount Bromo volcano eruption that has long history and rich legend, and while it can be dangerous, it also contributes to the mount’s reputation among travelers.
What to Know about Bromo Volcano Eruption
Mount Bromo is one majestic icon of East Java Indonesia, and History of Bromo volcano eruption is something many people refer with respect. While the volcano is beautiful and contributes to soil fertility, it is also still active and can be dangerous even when showing small activities. Bromo volcanic activities have shown quite regular intervals for the past three centuries, although the mountain shows increased activities during the recent years.
Learning about Mount Bromo’s activities and long history of eruption will help travelers understanding the mountain’s characteristics and deepening respect for the mountain when they visit.
- Read more: The legend of mount Bromo
History of Bromo Volcano Eruption
The activities of Mount Bromo have inspired a legend related to the origins of the Tengger, native people who live near Mount Bromo. This legend also became precursor of annual Kasada ceremony tradition, which involves throwing offerings to Bromo crater and is witnessed by travelers around the world. The recorded history of mount Bromo volcano eruption dated back to 1776, but some of the largest and most frequent eruptions happened during the 20th century. During the 20th century, Mount Bromo erupted in quite regular interval, which was every 30 years. The largest eruption recorded in the 20th century happened in 1974, which destroyed several villages with lava flow, ash, and pyroclastic cloud.
During the 21st century, Mount Bromo erupted every 3 to 6 years, and the most recent eruptions were recorded in 2001, 2004, 2010/2011 and the last is 2015/2016. In January 2011, Bromo eruption blew volcanic ash to Bali, delaying several frequent flights to the island. The last eruption also happened during rainy season, which increased the strength of lava stream and carried mud with it. Volcanic activities that happen during rainy season (usually between December and April) are considered more dangerous, so travelers and locals are advised to be more careful.
Bromo also shows activities if there are increased activities in Indonesia’s Ring of Fire, which happened in the last several years. However, Bromo eruption is considered slightly less dangerous than Merapi in Central Java, because Bromo has more liquid magma, which means its eruption is not as explosive as Merapi.
How Bromo Volcano Eruption Shapes Its Beauty
General characteristics of Mount Bromo as a volcano are: a Strato Type A volcano that is a part of Tengger Caldera. While there are several mountains that are parts of this caldera, Bromo is the youngest. The northern part consists of sandstones, but the southern part consists of the iconic savannah field, which is also the most frequently visited part of Bromo. While Bromo volcanic activities cause damage and endanger lives, they also bring positive effects, such as perpetual fertile soil. The soil around Bromo supports farming activities of Tengger people, and they hold Kasada ceremony every year as a sign of gratitude.
History of Bromo Volcano Eruption
Travelers must follow the newest information about Bromo activities, especially recently when Indonesia’s Ring of Fire is showing increased activities. Knowing history of mount Bromo volcano eruption will help travelers knowing the characteristics of the mountain, and also respecting the local tradition and myths that surround Bromo.
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